COVID-19: A Few Facts and Answers To Help You

By March 31, 2020tax tips

If you think you have 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) symptoms or have been in close contact with someone who has it, use the Ministry of Health’s COVID-19 self- assessment tool www.covid-19.ontario.ca/self-assessment/#q0 to help determine if you need to seek further care.

If the self-assessment indicates that clinical assessment is necessary for further guidance, contact:

  • your doctor
  • Region of Waterloo Public Health 519-575-4400
    or Telehealth Ontario 1-866-797-0000
  • Grand River hospital assessment centre to make an appointment

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should self-isolate at home until it has been 14 days since you developed symptoms, or you have been symptom free (no fever or difficulty breathing) for 24 hours, whichever is longer:

  • Fever, new cough or difficulty breathing (or a combination of these symptoms)
  • Muscle aches, fatigue, headache, sore throat, or runny nose (or a combination
    of these symptoms)

If you are having difficulty breathing or experiencing other severe symptoms, call 911 immediately. Advise them of your symptoms and travel history, if applicable.

Should I wear a mask to protect myself?

Only wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face masks can only be used once. If you are not ill or looking after someone who is ill then you are wasting a mask.

Common symptoms & who is affected the most from the Covid-19 Virus

The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical
attention.

The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-19:

  • Smoking
  • Wearing multiple masks
  • Taking antibiotics

Antibiotics do not work against viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

If you get sick and are at home:  Self-care

If you have mild symptoms, stay at home. You can relieve your symptoms if you:

  • rest and sleep
  • keep warm
  • drink plenty of liquids
  • use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough

*This information is provided as a courtesy reminder of publicly available health information from Canadian government agencies, accurate at this time of publication.

It is intended to be a convenient quick link to information. It is not intended to be taken as professional medical advice. If you are feeling ill in any way, please contact your doctor.